Translation: Manila massacre - an episode of the War of the Philippines, which took place in February - March 1945 in the city of Manila, in which the soldiers of the Imperial Japanese army committed war crimes against the population of the city, killing at US estimates, more than 100 000 people. Massacre in Manila is one of the biggest war crimes committed by the Japanese Imperial Army. Chief of the Philippine group Tomoyuki Yamashita and the chief of staff Colonel Akira Muto was found guilty by a military tribunal in the massacre and executed. In January 1945, under the pressure of US troops, General Tomoyuki Yamashita had ordered the withdrawal of Japanese troops from Manila. However, not all forces carried out this instruction. About 10,000 Marines and 4,000 soldiers led by Admiral Sanji Ivabuti stayed in Manila and went on the defensive. In early February 1945, during the Battle of Manila for the Japanese command it was obvious that the city will not be able to keep. Army Headquarters was moved to the north from the capital to the city of Baguio. The Japanese army started the methodical destruction of Manila and the destruction of its civilian population. Actions of the Japanese were not provoked maniltsev clandestine activities and not an act of retaliation by the garrison, were in a desperate situation and had coolly planned operation of the Japanese command. Destructions undergone churches, schools, hospitals and homes. February 10, 1945 stormed the Red Cross hospital where soldiers staged a massacre, sparing doctors, nurses, patients and children. Modesto Farolan recalls: "February 10, 1945, a detachment of Japanese soldiers entered the building of the Red Cross and began to shoot and kill everyone who was there, including doctors, patients and young children, nurses, and refugees. Nurses tried to protect mothers with newborn babies, but all of them were bayoneted or shot. " Killings of civilians were accompanied by widespread rape of women and young girls. In order to save ammunition victims bayoneted, burnt. During the massacre in the city killed hundreds of foreigners, including nearly 250 Spanish citizens, and at least 28 German citizens. The Japanese also burned the Spanish consulate and bayoneted about 50 people (including a Spanish diplomat), who sought refuge in the territory of the diplomatic mission.